Abstract

An FT-IR (Fourier transform infrared) analyzer has been configured for combustion research and allows the simultaneous quantification of CO, CO<sub>2</sub>, CH<sub>4</sub>, C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub>, C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>, C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>4</sub>, NO, and N<sub>2</sub>O concentrations in the flame of natural gas burners. The calibration has been carried out by the multivariate PLS1 algorithm, with calculated standard spectra. For the multivariate CO/CO<sub>2</sub> model, special attention has been given to nonlinear effects caused by interference in the 2210-2250 cm<sup>-1</sup> region. For this model, two methods of calculating mixture spectra and their influence on prediction parameters are evaluated. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the CO/CO<sub>2</sub> model for N<sub>2</sub>O interference has been tested. The presented results show that conclusions drawn from statistical prediction parameters should be treated cautiously in models that have to deal with spectral interference.

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