The proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of some substituted 4-hydroxy-5-phosphinyl-2-imidazolidinones have been studied. The predominance of the cis stereoisomer of these compounds has been also established by <sup>1</sup>H NMR spectroscopy. The spectral effects produced by the introduction of the phosphinyl group on the parent compound and by reaction of the substituted 4-hydroxy-5-phosphinyl-2-imidazolidinones with aqueous sodium deuteroxide are discussed. In addition, it has been established by <sup>1</sup>H NMR that the product obtained from the reaction of 2-hydroxy-2-(diethoxyphosphinyl)ethanal with <i>N</i>-methylurea was a mixture of 18.2% 1-methyl- and of 81.8% 3-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-diethoxyphosphinyl-2-imidazolidinone.
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