Abstract

We propose a new model for a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) filter based on one-dimensional defective photonic bandgap structures, which operates within telecom windows. The device is realized in an asymmetric $ {{\rm SiO}_2}/{{\rm TiO}_2} $ photonic crystal (PC) microcavity with the defect layer of the graphene disk placed in the center of the structure. The theoretical analysis of the optical properties of the narrowband FBG filter is given based on the combination of the density matrix approach with the transfer matrix method. The effect of the incident angle and the polarization of the probe field on the transmittance spectra is calculated. Also, tuning the filtering wavelength and the number of guided modes is performed by changing the properties of PC’s defect layer. It is shown that depending on the ratio of the coupling fields’ intensity, the probe field absorption can be minimized and even be amplified in $ {\lambda _0} = 1550\;{\rm nm} $. The results show very promising potential for fabrication of FBG filters operating in the near-infrared regime for light wave communications.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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