Abstract

Based on the derived rational solutions of the nonautonomous nonlinear Schrödinger equation with varying coefficients, we present a simple scheme to generate a high-power pulse, pulse pair, and pulse train with non-oscillating amplitudes in dispersion exponentially decreasing fiber. Without requiring elimination of the background, the stable pulse train can be generated from the first-order Akhmediev breather, and the high-power pulse and pulse pair can be generated from the second-order Kuznetsov–Ma breather. Moreover, it is found that the characteristics of these pulses can be controlled by adjusting the eigenvalue parameter and fiber parameters. The results presented here are expected to be useful in large-capacity and high-power optical communication systems.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

8 February 2019: A correction was made to the introduction.


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