Abstract

We report investigations on propagation of converging vector beams containing C-point and V-point polarization singularities through atmospheric turbulence. The C-point singularity is generated by superposition of the l=0 and l=1 orbital angular momentum (OAM) states, whereas the V-point singularity is generated by a superposition of the l=1 and l=1 OAM states in orthogonal polarizations. The propagation of these beams through extended atmosphere is modeled by placing random phase screens along a 2 km propagation path. The random phase screens were generated using the FFT method with von Karman spectrum and Cn2=1014m2/3. The quality of intensity profile of the focused vector beams after propagation through turbulence is assessed using the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio and the on-axis scintillation index measurements. Our simulation results show that although both the C-point and V-point beams perform better than their scalar OAM components, C-point beams are seen to maintain much better beam intensity profile compared to the V-point beams. This observation is explained in terms of the OAM diversity of the individual polarization states and the correlation of their associated speckle patterns. The results presented here are important for engineering laser beams that can maintain a robust intensity profile on propagation through long-range atmospheric turbulence.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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