Abstract

This paper aims to develop and analyze the design method of multifocal contact lenses to obtain curvature continuity in the optical surfaces with the high addition (Add) powers by adjusting non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) curves. The paper has developed mathematical formulae to generate the optical power distributions in which the powers continuously change from either near or distant center to the opposite focal length in the periphery of the optical region with different change rates and Add power values. This developed method can efficiently adjust and optimize three parameters, including control points, weight, and knots of the NURBS, to be anterior optical lens surface profiles to adapt for these given power profiles. The result shows that the proposed contact lenses not only achieve smooth and continuous anterior optical surfaces, but also satisfy various optical power distributions with high Add power values for different pupil diameters. Then, these designs of contact lenses can be feasibly converted to the computer-aided design format for analysis and manufacture for molding or single-point diamond turning. Experimental results of this method have been tested and proven when both the power distributions of simulation of lenses and the actual machined samples match the original specified powers provided by clinical demands of a multifocal contact lens. Future integration with variant clinical demands and optimization rules of lens design can be explored for a progressive contact lens.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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