Abstract

We propose an integrated refractive index (RI) sensor based on evanescent field absorption (EFA) within a silicon slot waveguide, where the RI variation is translated into a varied attenuation coefficient and eventually the output power at the end of the waveguide. To demonstrate the operating principle of such a RI-EFA sensor, a specific structure is designed and discussed with numerical simulations. The calculated results indicate that the detection limit of our proposed RI-EFA sensor could be as good as 108  RIU for homogeneous sensing and 107  RIU for surface sensing with optimized structural parameters at a wavelength of 1064 nm. Since only a straight slot waveguide and optical power detection are required for our proposed sensor, we believe that it is promising to achieve an integrated and portable sensor on a single chip.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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