Abstract

Conduction welding offers an alternative to keyhole welding. Compared with keyhole welding, it is an intrinsically stable process because vaporization phenomena are minimal. However, as with keyhole welding, an on-line process-monitoring system is advantageous for quality assurance to maintain the required penetration depth, which in conduction welding is more sensitive to changes in heat sinking. The maximum penetration is obtained when the surface temperature is just below the boiling point, and so we normally wish to maintain the temperature at this level. We describe a two-color optical system that we have developed for real-time temperature profile measurement of the conduction weld pool. The key feature of the system is the use of a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor standard color camera leading to a simplified low-cost optical setup. We present and discuss the real-time temperature measurement and control performance of the system when a defocused beam from a high power Nd:YAG laser is used on 5 mm thick stainless steel workpieces.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Closed-loop power and focus control of laser welding for full-penetration monitoring

Fabrice Bardin, Adolfo Cobo, Jose M. Lopez-Higuera, Olivier Collin, Pascal Aubry, Thierry Dubois, Mats Högström, Per Nylen, Peter Jonsson, Julian D. C. Jones, and Duncan P. Hand
Appl. Opt. 44(1) 13-21 (2005)

Optical techniques for real-time penetration monitoring for laser welding

Fabrice Bardin, Adolfo Cobo, Jose M. Lopez-Higuera, Olivier Collin, Pascal Aubry, Thierry Dubois, Mats Högström, Per Nylen, Peter Jonsson, Julian D. C. Jones, and Duncan P. Hand
Appl. Opt. 44(19) 3869-3876 (2005)

Status analysis of keyhole bottom in laser-MAG hybrid welding process

Lin Wang, Xiangdong Gao, and Ziqin Chen
Opt. Express 26(1) 347-355 (2018)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (13)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription