Abstract

A vibrating knife-edge technique is proposed for measuring the focal length of a microlens. The technique is based on the propagation properties of Gaussian beams. A laser beam with a Gaussian intensity profile is focused in front of the microlens under test. After being transmitted through the microlens, the beam propagates toward a detector, which consists of a photodiode that is half blocked by a knife-edge. The photodiode integrates approximately half the intensity of the transmitted beam. The knife-edge vibrates sinusoidally with small amplitude in a plane normal to the direction of propagation. Our analysis shows that the output signal at the photodiode consists of a dc component plus a temporal sinusoidal signal whose amplitude is proportional to the focal length of the microlens. After system calibration, the focal length is measured with an envelope detector or a lock-in amplifier.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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