The evolution of fiber optical communications with its emphasis on high- data-rate single-mode fiber networks in the 1.3-1.6-μm wavelength region and on sophisticated optical systems has stimulated interest in integrated- optic devices. Integrated optics, which basically employs single-mode waveguide techniques, is expected to contribute to cost-effective batch-fabricated components, such as modulators/switches, multiplexers, filters, frequency shifters, polarization transformers, and signal routing and timing devices.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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