Birefringence is observed when layers in the optical planar waveguide exhibits stresses at elevated temperature. To design birefringence free waveguide structure, we carefully modelled the structural, material parameters with the help of a thermal stress formula.
© 2018 The Author(s)
You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.
Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription